Tar

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Creates an archive (Commonly called a tarball. 'tar' is short for 'tape archive')

Usage

Command -Flags tar_ball_name stuff_to_zip


Flags

-z use gzip to compress/read the resulting tarball

-j use bzip2 to compress/read the tarball

-c create a new archive.

-v verbose. tar will list all the files it's adding to the archive.

-f the result should be saved into a file (as opposed to being stored on a tape)

-t list the contents of an archive

-x extract files from an archive

-r add files to an existing archive (doesn't work on compressed archives)

Examples:

Create a new archive:

tar -czvf mytar.tgz * - creates a tarball named “mytar.tar.gz”, and archives all files in the current directory into it.


Extract from an archive to the current directory:

tar -xzvf mytar.tgz - Extracts all files in the tarball into the current directory (You can specify a file name at the end to extract just that file.)


Extract from an archive to the specified directory:

tar -xzvf mytar.tgz -C /path/to/directory - - Extracts all files in the tarball into the specified directory (You can specify a file name at the end to extract just that file.)


List the contents of a tarball:

tar -tzvf mytar.tgz

References

  1. tar man page
  2. Ultimate Tar Command Tutorial